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🖐 International Maritime Organization & Conventions |


International Conventions, Protocols and Codes. IMO. Code for the Construction and Equipment of Ships Carrying Dangerous Chemicals in Bulk (BCH Code). 2009 Edition.
What is the difference between convention and code ?. This is exactly what IMO does with all its conventions. Want to see how the SOLAS requirement of Life Jacket.
IMO CONVENTIONS AND CODES KOSTOGLOU GEORGIOS RAFAIL 6 PROLOGUE In order for the safety of life, the environment, the ship and the cargo to be promoted at the merchant maritime field it was necessary that all countries should cooperate and work together to succeed in that. The outcome of this was the birth of an international


The International Maritime Organization (IMO) (French: Organisation Maritime Internationale (OMI)), known as the Inter-Governmental Maritime Consultative Organization (IMCO) until 1982, is a specialised agency of the United Nations responsible for regulating shipping.
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The second and third versions of the treaty were introduced in 1929 and 1948 respectively. The International Maritime Organization (IMO) adopted a new version of SOLAS in 1960 with the intention to keep the convention up to date by periodic amendments. But the amendment procedures appeared to be slow taking several years.
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CTU Code – The Marine Study Imo codes and conventions


Finally to conclude in short, IMO conventions are set of rules which when adopted by a country’s legal system, becomes law for that country. There is a growing need to amend these conventions to keep pace with the fast moving world and technology. The conventions are amended by the IMO resolutions which are passed by the committees.
The second and third versions of the treaty were introduced in 1929 and 1948 respectively. The International Maritime Organization (IMO) adopted a new version of SOLAS in 1960 with the intention to keep the convention up to date by periodic amendments. But the amendment procedures appeared to be slow taking several years.
Regs4ships Digital Maritime Regulations combines IMO Codes, Conventions and Forthcoming Amendments, ILO protocols and Guidelines and EU Legislation. This all in one, easy to use, searchable database provides an overall regulatory solution. Digital Maritime Regulations are available for 22 of the world's leading Flag States and are updated.

starburst-pokieList of Conventions Imo codes and conventions

International Conventions, Protocols and Codes Imo codes and conventions

What is the difference between convention and code ?. This is exactly what IMO does with all its conventions. Want to see how the SOLAS requirement of Life Jacket.
Subclass 2.1: Flammable Gas Gases which ignite on contact with an ignition source, such as acetylene and hydrogen. Flammable gas gas means any material which is ignitable at 101.3 kPa (14.7 psi) when in a mixture of 13 percent or less by volume with air, or has a flammable range at 101.3 kPa (14.7 psi) with air of at least 12 percent regardless of the lower limit.
The 1960 Convention was adopted on 17 June 1960 and entered into force on 26 May 1965. It was the fourth SOLAS Convention and was the first major achievement for International Maritime Organization (IMO). It represented a considerable step forward in modernizing regulations and keeping up with technical developments in the shipping industry.

Imo codes and conventionscasinobonus

imo codes and conventions We all come across so many IMO resolution, conventions and circulars while being in shipping industry.
So many that we may get confused sometimes as to what purpose each of these serve.
Resolution At IMO, Maritime resolutions are issued by the Assembly, The council and by each of the committee.
Each committee brings resolutions to amend part of International convention that they are associated with.
Like Maritime safety committee handles conventions related to safety.
So MSC brings resolutions to amend any part of these conventions.
Each resolution of IMO looks something like this XYZ.
The letter can be A for AssemblyC for CouncilMSC For Maritime safety committeeMEPC for Maritime environment pollution committeeFAL Facilitation committee or LEG legal Committee.
The next number shows the resolution number and it is in chronological order.
The number in the bracket shows the sessions in which this resolution was adopted.
So the resolution MSC.
Why to amend a convention The only permanent thing in this world is Change.
And the way we move our cargoes through sea and the way ships are operating at sea is changing every single day.
A convention passed 30 years back may have many elements which are not applicable today.
Same way, We might discover new strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats, which were not the part of original convention.
Take an example of Security.
Post year 2001, suddenly the world realised a new threat to the shipping which was security.
And to address that, we could either bring a security convention or amend an existing convention to include security.
Drafting, ratification, approving, acceptance and implementing a new convention is a tedious and time consuming process.
So unless the new identified threats are too unique to be included in the existing conventions, it is always better to amemd the existing convention.
Take another example of Convention of pollution prevention at sea MARPOL.
Pollution was totally different from safety and so instead of including MARPOL in SOLAS convention, we got new convention called MARPOL.
Also take an example of Ballast water convention.
The topic of ballast water was much debatable.
The debate was on its inclusion in the MARPOL as another annex or as a stand alone convention.
Even though ballast water was considered to be a kind of pollution but at the end it was agreed that the ballast water is a unique area from other pollutions and hence instead of including it in MARPOL, a new convention was adopted.
See the results, ballast water convention was adopted in 2004 and as of 1st Jan 2016, ballast water convention is still not ratified.
Proposal of the resolution There are two ways an amendment to a maritime convention can be proposed to the IMO.
By any contracting government 2.
By a group of contracting governments.
Clearly in the first option any contracting government can propose an amendment to the secretary general.
SG would pass the proposal to the MSC or MEPC for review.
MSC or MEPC in consultation with appropriate sub-committee would draft and submit the resolution for adoption.
In the second option, A contracting government proposes the amendment for which they have concurrence of atleast one-third of the contracting governments.
The concurrence by the other governments can be given to the appropriate committee.
In this case, the committee arranges for a conference of the contracting governments to consider the amendments.
The advantage of the second option is that it is the faster way of proposing and adopting an amendment to the convention.
Adoption of a resolution Resolutions are adopted by voting in Maritime safety committee or Maritime Environment Protection Committee.
On this date, there are 174 countries that are members to the IMO.
So for a resolution to be adopted, at least 58 countries should be present.
So if 60 countries were present, at least 40 countries should vote in favor of the resolution.
If the proposal to the amendment was made through the conference, 1 the first condition would be met considering there imo codes and conventions be high chances of the one-third of the governments present for voting.
This is the reason, the proposal by the conference would be adopted faster.
Acceptance of the resolution A resolution once adopted, it is passed to all contracting governments for acceptance.
The Secretary general communicates the adopted resolution to all contracting governments.
The process of acceptance of a resolution was a tedious one but IMO did a great job in amending the process itself.
Earlier the acceptance of a resolution was linked with the number of governments that has accepted it.
IMO would wait for years to have the numbers on their side to implement a resolution.
And the governments had their reasons to be in that situations.
IMO introduced the tacit way of acceptance of a resolution.
Even though not all the resolutions are accepted with tacit acceptance procedures but most of them are.
For example Marpol convention as per article 16 f ii gives authority to MEPC to decide if the amendment will be accepted by tacit acceptance or explicit acceptance.
The acceptance of a resolution to amend SOLAS convention is only done by tacit acceptance.
Under tacit acceptance, a resolution is quick online money on an agreed time interval from adoption unless it is objected by a number of contracting governments.
The committee decides the agreed interval during adoption of resolution.
However there is minimum interval that is set in respective conventions.
For credit and capital money as per Marpol convention, the minimum interval between adoption and acceptance has to be 10 months.
Same way, as per SOLAS the minimum interval should not be less than one year.
SOLAS convention has also specified maximum interval between adoption and acceptance as 2 years.
How many number of government need to object for a resolution not to be accepted is also mentioned in respective conventions.
Entry in force of a resolution Once a resolution is accepted by tacit means or otherwise, it then enter into force.
But there is a time specified in respective conventions on when the accepted resolution would enter quick online money force.
For example as per SOLAS and MARPOL convention, a resolution would enter into force 6 months after it has been accepted.
Convention Now that we know how a resolution amends a maritime convention, Its time to take a dive into the what conventions actually are.
What is a convention There are many different ways to define a convention.
A convention is a formal agreement between states.
Or a convention is an instrument which is negotiated under an international organisation such as United Nations.
There are number of that IMO quick online money given to maritime industry.
SOLAS convention is not a law itself.
But when a country adopts and includes it as legislation in their country, it becomes law for them.
UK, Singapore and India have included it as legislation called Merchant Shipping act.
USA call it CFR.
How a convention come in force For a convention to come in force, it need to be adopted at IMO, ratified by the contracting governments and brought into force.
And lately various research code odds naija bet and triggered the need of ballast convention.
Discussions on these incidents and research studies in shipping and other related industries is part of sessions of IMO committees and sub-committees.
Once IMO identifies a need for a new convention, the respective committee assisted by various sub-committees work on adopting the convention.
Ratification of the convention Signature, ratification, acceptance, and accession are different ways in which a state read country can give their consent to be bound by the convention.
All these ways concerns the legality of procedure so we will not dig deep into it.
But the idea is that the states need to be ready for the new convention and they should give their consent for that by one of these ways.
When a convention is adopted, it is usually agreed on how many states need to ratify the convention for it to come in force.
For example, the Ballast water convention requires at least 30 states to ratify which should represent at least 35% of the world gross tonnage.
Ballast water convention is just close to retification.
On this date even though forty-seven countries have ratified the convention, their combined gross tonnage only represent the 34.
Circulars Click here number of circulars issued at IMO by different committees and sub-committes.
And these circulars divided into more than 50 subjects.
Circulars related to Salvage, SUA, Ballast water management, GMDSS and STCW all are part of the circulars issued at IMO.
But the most important or rather the one that seafarers are more associated with are MSC and MEPC circulars.
These are the circulars issued by MSC and MEPC respectevely.
The former being circulars related to safety matter and latter related to pollution.
What does Circulars are for We all know what company circulars that we get onboard are for.
It may also give latest incident summary.
In short it is running log of important communication from ship to shore.
IMO circulars serves similar purpose.
Among other thing, the circular are used for clarification, interpretation or guidance on its various codes and conventions.
We can now looks into how MSC and MEPC circulars look like.
MSC Circulars As obvious, MSC circulars are related to the maritime safety.
The MSC has divided its circulars in six sub-categories and are numbered from one to six.
Any MSC circular number would look like this In this MSC ofcourse denotes that it is circular issued by Maritime safety committe check and deposit register IMO.
The number 1 denotes the sub-category of the circular.
MEPC circulars are divided into seven sub-categories.
These categories are numbered from one to seven.
Any circular issued by MEPC would look like this In this MEPC denotes that the circular is issued by Maritime environmenta protection committee.
The number next is the number of sub-category that the circular belongs to.
But there are more than 50 categories in which IMO circular are divided.
Each category has again different sub-categories like we have for MSC and MEPC circulars.
There is a growing need to amend these conventions to keep pace with the fast moving world and technology.
The conventions are amended by the IMO resolutions which are passed by the committees.
The committees also communicates the interpretation, guidance and clarifications for the conventions by the various time to time circulars.
About Capt Rajeev Jassal Capt.
Rajeev Jassal has sailed for over 19 years mainly on crude oil, product and chemical tankers.
He has done extensive research on quantitatively measuring Safety culture onboard and safety climate ashore which he believes is the most important element for safer shipping.
Can u throw more light on how circulars are issued by MEPC and is there any standard document which describes procedure and pre requisites for issuing a circular.
Thanks for you comment Sandip.
MEPC receives lots of informations from different sources including flag states, session meetings etc.
The applicable information need to be relayed to all flag states as well other stakeholders more info as classification societies so that they can communicate same to the ships as well as other stakeholder in their Jurisdiction.
These information are relayed through MEPC circulars.
Can you please tell that Who decide that 30 or 40 or 50 state should ratify or this much % of world tonnage to ratify the conventionfor the convention to enter in force?
For a particular convention how this figures are decided and who decide this?
Thanx Thanks a lot for explaining all the topics that you have covered so far in your highly informative blog.
Could you please also cover topics on practical sight calculation as these are not very well thought in the classrooms nor at sea we much carry out calculation due to hectic schedule of ships and ever growing traffic but this remains an important question for exams and practical use too.
Thanks for suggesting a topic and I will surely work on that.
Can you please tell that Who decide that 30 or 40 or 50 state should ratify or this much % of world tonnage to ratify the conventionfor the convention to enter in force?
For a particular convention how this figures are decided and who decide this?
Thanx Good notes and really appreciate also please put some light on marine insurance if you have time thanks and keep up the good work I want to appreciate for your efficient essay and kindly ask to explain about the CODE's proposal procedure.
Thank you Ali for your kind words.
Process of proposal of a Code is similar to the proposal of a convention.
As I said in this article that a proposal can be initiated after a need is felt by IMO or its member states.
A need for a code may arise after an major incident or after an major research.
For example POLAR code was proposed because there was a need felt for it.
This was because of increasing shipping traffic in POLAR region which was the result of melting ice that opened the route for shipping in this area.
Thanks for the nice explanation.
Can you please explain the legal difference between ratification,signature,acession,approval.
As these are always confusing.
I am a country representative and I am presented few resolutions.
I sign a proposed resolution.
By signing I am only agreeing to discuss it with at my home country in the parliament.
I am not legally bound by that signature.
I go to my home country and discuss this in parliament and parliament accepts this to be included in the local laws.
I have ratified the convention.
Once the required number of states ratifies the convention, it comes in force.
Once the convention is in force, another state country decides to be part of the convention and they discuss it in their parliament and agrees to make it a domestic law in their country.
Since this convention is already ratified, the process will not be called ratification but it is called accession.
The only difference between ratification and accession is that ratification is quick online money act involved in conventions not yet ratified and accession is the act involved in the conventions already ratified.
Thanks for the clear reply.
Can you please explain about M.
Thanks a lot for the comprehensive interpretation.
And how ofen the assembly conference is held?
Assembly's resolutions are mainly administrative in nature.
But Assembly also brings resolutions related to safety and security.
Assembly conference called session is held every 2 years.
Last was 28th Session held in 2014.
I just read below article.
MSC is a committee that looks after safety matters but safety is a large topic so each specialised committee help MSC with their work.
For example Sub-committee on ship system and equipments helps both MSC and MEPC with providing detailed information on ship's equipment present or proposed for implementing their work.
Same way, Sub-committee on navigation help MSC deal with navigation related issues.
My question is quick online money appearing for class 1 exams is it necessary to refer or research so much in depth of all these topics.
For exams it may not be required to have in depth knowledge of these, but more the knowledge is no harm either.
Thanks for reading and all the best for your exams Basavaraju.
Can you please tell that Who decide that 30 or 40 or 50 state should ratify or this much % of world tonnage to ratify the conventionfor the convention to enter in force?
For a particular convention how this figures are decided and who decide this?
It is decided when the protocol for the convention is drafted.
The idea of identifying a number for the states and tonnage to ratify a convention for it to enter into force is to have a majority in every sense.
If the convention is to enter into force by tacit acceptance, the required tonnage will be more say more than 50% and if the convention is to enter into force with actual consent of the states, the required tonnage is set at a lower percentage like 35% in Ballast water convention.
Protocol are the set of rules of conduct.
These are the rules as to how each party is supposed to behave with respect to a convention.
For example, protocol to SOLAS convention are the rules for all the parties detailing general obligation, how the amendments will be brought etc sir, can you please illuminate me on the definition of the following terms--treaty, protocols, codes and memoradum of understanding relating to IMO.
Sir, can u tell me a chemical tanker requied Clc insurance and if a big pollution occured, is it coverable by clc or need LOF No.
A chemical tanker do not require CLC insurance as CLC is only for oil pollutions.
But considering most of the chemical tankers are also designated to carry oil, you will find these ships to have CLC certificate.
For chemical pollutions, HNS convention has been adopted by IMO but not yet ratified.
Sir, can you help me with understanding of meaning of circular.
If the certain circular is adopted by the IMO committee is this circular automatically binding in the county, party of the convention with this circular is associated with.
Circulars only clarifies rules.
Circulars are released when IMO committees feels the need for better interpretation of any regulation.
Circulars are not rules or regulation in itself.
So Circulars do not need to be adopted or ratified.
Appreciated if you clarify the following; A.
Because acceptance still is pending In other word, it is mandatory only for the governments who gave positive vote for the resolution.
Ratification and not Adoption make it Mandatory.
If it is just adopted and not ratified yet, it is not mandatory to anyone.
Once ratified, it is mandatory to everyone, even those countries who opposed it but have ratified the convention for which this resolution is for.
Very informative and clearly defined stuff.
Sir Capt Rajeev if you dont mind plz mail me your whatsapp number, i would like to ask some more qurries related to shipping, not this topic.
Thank You can send the queries on the email however I would recommend to use our SEAQA section so that other mariners can also benefit from your questions.
The procedure for proposal, adoption and acceptance of a resolution and that of a convention have many similarities.
The difference is that while resolution can be accepted by "Tacit Acceptance" method, acceptance of a new convention is only after certain percentage of tonnage and certain number of flag states have ratified the convention by submitting the acceptance document to the IMO.
Sir thanks for making us understand the concept of convention and how to amend a convention.
My doubt isother than the two methods mentioned n the article about how to amend a convention, is there any other way to amendis Protocol a way to amend a convention.
I would appreciate if you could clear my doubt.
When a convention require any major change or a change that affects all the chapters, the change is brought by a Protocol.
The process of ratification of protocol is kind of same as the process of ratification of a convention.
A flag state may be party to the convention at the same time they may not ratify the protocol.
Marine Environment Protection Committee MEPC NOT MEPC for Maritime environment pollution committee.
You have written very useful blogs in here.
Can you please explain how classification societies react to new amendments to an existing convention?
Do they implement as class rules?
Yes, classification societies need to amend their class rules to imo codes and conventions the changes because of amendments think, time and money games for 3rd grade congratulate the existing convention.
Thank you so much for the much needed clarification.
Absolutely useful and will share same Thank you so much for the clarification.
So, as I understand, respective circular adresses any changes or news on relavant codes or conventions.
Resolution is made when any changes needed and made through the contract government.
At this point what is mainly diffrence of them in terms of role?
Appreciate if you could explain this.
Yes, MSC circulars are part of SOLAS as relevant circulars are mentioned in the SOLAS wherever required.
MARPOL itself is a convention.
There are no other conventions under MARPOL.
Thank you so much for sharing your expertise Captain Jassal!
This is of absolutely great value!
Do you also know if MEPC. imo codes and conventions imo codes and conventions imo codes and conventions imo codes and conventions imo codes and conventions imo codes and conventions


International Conventions, Protocols and Codes Imo codes and conventions

Code and convention | English Conceptual Learning Imo codes and conventions

The International Maritime Organization (IMO) (French: Organisation Maritime Internationale (OMI)), known as the Inter-Governmental Maritime Consultative Organization (IMCO) until 1982, is a specialised agency of the United Nations responsible for regulating shipping.
The area code for Owerri, Imo, Nigeria, is 083, which is +234 83 from outside Nigeria. Other parts of Imo state may be in other area codes. (The plus sign means "insert your international access.
However, the 2010 HNS Convention, designed for compensation, describes HNS as a substance identified in one or more lists in the International Maritime Organization's Conventions and Codes. Examples of IMO Conventions and Codes Providing HNS Lists


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